A Chinese radical (Chinese: 部首; pinyin: bùshǒu; literally: "section header") is a graphical component of a Chinese character under which the character is traditionally listed in a Chinese dictionary. This component is often a semantic indicator of the Chinese character, though in some cases the original semantic connection has become obscure, owing to changes in character meaning over time. In other cases, the radical may be a phonetic component or even an artificially extracted portion of the character.

Here is a table of common radicals in the Chinese language:

             
Radical Variants Pinyin Colloquial Keyword Secondary Strokes
             
  一横 One Individual, Horizontal 1
  gǔn 一竖 Downstroke One, Vertical 1
丿   piě 一撇 Slash Left-falling stroke 1
  zhǔ 一点 Dot Point, Drop 1
乚 乛   Bent Second 1
  èr 两橫 Two Two horizontal, Pair 2
  shí 十字 Ten Complete 2
  hǎn 厂字旁 Cliff Factory 2
  fāng/xǐ 匠字框 Basket Box 2
刀 ⺈ dāo 利刀旁 Knife Sword, Katana 2
  卜字旁 Divination   2
  jiōng 同字框 Borders Upside-down box, Cave 2
rén 单人旁 Person Man, Human 2
八字旁 Eight Divide, Split 2
  ér 儿座底 Legs Person, Going 2
  几字旁 Table   2
  匕字旁 Spoon Upside-down person 2
  bāo 包字头 Wrap Embrace 2
  tóu 点横头 Lid Cover, Latch 2
  bīng 两点水 Ice Freeze 2
  秃宝盖 Cover Treasure chest 2
yán 言字旁 Speech Words 2
  kǎn 山字底 Container Receptacle, Open-mouth 2
jié 单耳朵 Seal Kneel, Stamp 2
  左耳朵 Mound Dam, Terrain 2
  右耳朵 Town City 2
  力字旁 Power Strength, Force 2
  yòu 又字旁 Right-hand Again, Hand movement 2
  私字 Privacy   2
  yǐn 建之旁 Stride Build, Move on 2
  gān 干字旁 Shield Dry, Pestle 3
  土堆 Earth Dirt, Soil, Land 3
  shì 士字旁 Scholar Official, Bachelor 3
  gōng 工字旁 Work Labour, Effort 3
手 龵 shǒu 提手旁 Hand Hold, Grip 3
  cǎo 草字头 Grass Herbs 3
  cùn 寸字旁 Thumb Inch 3
  gǒng 弄字底 Two-hands Folded hands, Twenty 3
  大字头 Big Large, Great, Man-standing 3
  wāng 尤字旁 Lame   3
  弋字旁 Shoot Shoot a bow, Arrow 3
⺌ ⺍ xiǎo 小字旁 Small Insignificant 3
  kǒu 口字旁 Mouth Opening 3
  wéi 国字框 Enclosure Surround, Limit, Scope 3
  shān 山字旁 Mountain Hill 3
  jīn 大巾旁 Scarf Turban, Towel 3
chuān 三拐川 River Stream, Flow 3
  chì 双人旁 Step   3
  shān 三撇 Bristle Feathers, Decoration 3
quǎn 反犬旁 Dog Beast 3
  zhǐ   Go   3
  夕字旁 Evening Sunset, Dusk 3
shí 食字旁 Food Meal, Eat 3
  qiáng 将字旁 Splinter Piece of wood 3
广   yǎn 广字旁 Shelter House on a cliff, Vast 3
  mén 门字框 Gate Door 3
水 氺 shuǐ 三点水 Water Flow 3
心 ⺗ xīn 竖心旁 Heart Mental, Soul 3
  mián 宝盖 Roof House, Room 3
  chuò 走之旁 Walk Move foward, Path 3
  橫山 Snout Sweep 3
  shī 尸字头 Corpse Body 3
已 巳 己字旁 Self Oneself 3
  gōng 弓字旁 Bow Stretch 3
子字旁 Child Seed, Son 3
  chè 右边草 Sprout   3
  女字旁 Woman Female, Girl 3
绞丝旁 Silk Weave, Connect 3
  马字旁 Horse Ride 3
  yāo 幺字旁 Little Thread, Little 3
  wáng 王字旁 King Jade, Lord, Precious 4
  wéi 韦字旁 Leather Tanned leather 4
lǎo 老字头 Old Wise 4
  木字旁 Tree Wood 4
  dǎi 歹字旁 Death Bad, Decay 4
  chē 车字旁 Car Vehicle 4
  牙字旁 Fang Tooth 4
  戈字旁 Halberd Weapon, Trade, Arms 4
  比字旁 Compare Compete 4
  瓦字旁 Tile   4
  zhǐ 止字旁 Stop Foot 4
  反文旁 Tap Hand holding a stick 4
  旧反文旁 Tap Knock 4
  日字旁 Sun Day 4
  yuē 曰字旁 Say Mouth 4
  bèi 贝字旁 Shell Coin, Valuable, Currency 4
  jiàn 见字旁 See Perceive 4
牛 ⺧ niú 牛字旁 Cow Ox, Cattle 4
  máo 毛字旁 Fur Hair, Plume 4
  气字头 Steam Gas, Air 4
  piàn 片字旁 Slice Strip, Wood chips 4
  jīn 斤字旁 Axe Catty, Pound, Weight, Chop 4
zhǎo 爪字头 Claw Talon, Nail 4
戶字旁 Door Household 4
  父字头 Father Senior 4
yuè 月字旁 Flesh Moon 4
  qiàn 欠字旁 Yawn Owe, Lack, Blow, Exhale 4
  fēng 风字旁 Wind   4
  shū 殳字旁 Lance Pole-axe, Destroy 4
  wén 文字头 Literature Language, Written, Script 4
  fāng 方字旁 Square Raft, Area 4
huǒ 四点火 Fire Cook, Burn 4
  dǒu 斗字旁 Dipper Spoon, Peck 4
shì 半禮旁 Sign Altar, Ceremony 4
⺻ 聿 毛筆 Brush Writing brush, Pen 4
  毋字旁 Do not   4
  shí 石字旁 Stone Rock 5
  lóng 龙字旁 Dragon   5
    Business   5
  目字旁 Eye   5
  tián 田字旁 Field Paddy, Farm, Work 5
  mǐn 皿堆 Dish Pan 5
  wǎng 四字头 Net Eye 5
jīn 金字旁 Gold Money, Metal 5
  shēng 生字旁 Life Give birth 5
  shǐ 矢字旁 Arrow   5
  禾木旁 Grain Stalk, Growing crops 5
  bái 白字旁 White   5
  guā 瓜字旁 Melon   5
  yòng 用字底 Use   5
  niǎo 鸟字旁 Bird   5
  病字旁 Sickness Disease 5
  立字旁 Stand Erect 5
  xué 穴宝盖 Cavern Hole 5
衣字旁 Clothes Costume 5
疏字旁 Cloth Bolt of cloth 5
  皮字旁 Skin   5
  máo 矛字旁 Spear Lance, Pike 5
  母字旁 Mother Female 5
  lěi 耒字旁 Plough   6
  ěr 耳字旁 Ear   6
  chén 臣字旁 Minister Official 6
  西字头 Cover   6
西   西字 West   6
  页字旁 Page Leaf 6
  虎字头 Tiger Stripes 6
  chóng 虫字旁 Insect Bug, Worm, Reptile 6
  fǒu 缶字旁 Jar Jug, Crock 6
  shé 舌字旁 Tongue   6
zhú 竹字头 Bamboo Basket 6
  jiù 臼字旁 Mortar Old 6
  自字旁 Self Nose 6
  xuè 血字旁 Blood   6
  zhōu 舟字旁 Boat Ship, Ferry, Vessel 6
 ⺶ yáng 羊字旁 Sheep Goat 6
  米字旁 Rice Uncooked rice 6
  gèn 艮字旁 Limit Still, Perverse 6
  羽字旁 Feather Wings 6
  mài 麦字旁 Wheat Barley 7
  zǒu 走字旁 Walk Run 7
  chì 赤字旁 Red Bare, Naked 7
  dòu 豆字旁 Bean   7
  yǒu 酉字旁 Wine Alcohol 7
  chén 辰字旁 Morning   7
  shǐ 豕字旁 Swine Pig 7
  卤字旁 Salt   7
  里字旁 Village Area, Distance 7
足字旁 Foot Ankle, Sufficient 7
  shēn 身字旁 Body Oneself 7
  biàn 釆字旁 Divide Distinguish, Discern 7
  谷字旁 Valley Ravine 7
  zhì 豸字旁 Cat Badger, Beast 7
  jiǎo 角字旁 Horn Angle, Corner 7
  xīn 辛字旁 Bitter Suffering 7
  qīng 青字旁 Blue/green Black 8
    Clear   8
  雨字头 Rain Precipitation, Weather 8
齿   chǐ 齿字旁 Tooth Molar, Age 8
  zhuī 隹字旁 Small bird Short-tailed bird 8
  鱼字旁 Fish   8
  革字旁 Rawhide Leather 9
  骨字旁 Bone   9
  guǐ 鬼字旁 Ghost Spirit, Ghoul, Devil 9
  yīn 音字旁 Sound   9
  biāo 髟字旁 Hair Long hair, Head hair 10
  dòu 鬥字框 Fight Struggle, Battle 10
  麻字旁 Hemp Flax 10
鹿   鹿字旁 Deer   10
  hēi 黑字旁 Black Dark 10
  shŭ 鼠字旁 Rat Mouse, Rodent 10
  鼻字旁 Nose   10