春秋时期有一个很高明的画家,一天被请来为齐王画像。画像过程中,齐王问画家:“比较起来,什么东西最难画呢?”

 画家回答说:“活动的人,都是最难画的。”

 齐王又问道:“那什么东西最容易画呢?”

画家说:“画鬼最容易。”

 “为什么呢?”

“因为人的相貌人们都熟悉,只要画错那怕一点点,都会被人发现而指出毛病,所以难画。至于鬼呢,谁也没见过,没有确定的形体,也没有明确的相貌,那就可以由我随便画。画出来后,谁也不能证明它不像鬼,所以画鬼是很容易的。”

 画家的高论证明:如果没有具体的客观标准,就会容易使人“弄虚作假”。“画鬼容易画人难”比喻凭空瞎说很容易,但是要想有真才实学却需下一番功夫才能获得。

During the Spring and Autumn Period there was a very capable painter, one day he was invited to paint the portrait of the King of Qi. In the process of painting, the King of Qi asked the painter: "What is the most difficult thing to paint?"

The painter replied, "A person in action is the most difficult to paint."

The King of Qi asked: "What is easiest to draw?"

The painter said, "A ghost is the easiest."

"Why?"

"Because people are familiar with people, even if there is a tiny mistake in the painting, it will be found and pointed out, so it is difficult to draw. As for the ghosts, nobody ever saw one, there is no definite shape, there is no clear appearance, so I can casually paint one. After I finish drawing, no one can prove it is not a ghost, so drawing a ghost is very easy."

The painter's speech proves that if there is no specific objective criterion, it will be easy to "falsify" things. "It is Easier to Paint a Ghost Than a Person" is an example of how spouting empty nonsense is easy, but in order to have a real ability, it takes a lot of effort to obtain.